Sao Paulo is the biggest city in South America with 17 million people, a city of immigrants and of colourful ethnic neighbourhoods. Sao Paolo was established in 1554, but for several centuries it was just a small settlement.
Its rise begun with the expansion of coffee plantations. By the middle o the XXth century Sao Paolo became economic centre of Brazil. Modern Sao Paolo is a gigantic metropolis with crowded buses grind through streets spouting black smoke, where endless stands of skyscrapers block the horizon, and the din of traffic deafens the ear.
Truly cosmopolitan city - built by immigrants - Sao Paolo has a million-strong Japanese community, the largest outside Japan; three million Italians, not to mention a million Arabs and hundreds of thousands of Israelis.